KossonADT OpenAIREADT

On 26th of November a national Workshop for Open Science, Open Access and Open Data was held at the Bucharest University of Economic Studies in Bucharest, Romania.
http://www.acces-deschis.ro/blog-pentru-acces-deschis/74-evenimente-prezentate-blog/104-atelier-stiinte-deschise-acces-deschis-date-deschise-2015

The workshop was organized by Kosson - OpenAIRE NOAD in collaboration with Chancellery of the Prime Minister - DSOD, Academica A.S.E., SIG eGov ROAIS being hosted by the Bucharest University of Economic Studies Library.

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Invited researchers reflect the interests of the institutions who were part of FP7 project (with Special Clause 39 aproved) or who are involved in Horizon 2020, and policy makers. 169 FP7 projects were contacted for the very reason that were part of the Open Access Pilot. 42 Horizon 2020 projects that have agreed to the data pilot were contacted directly at the level of the involved researchers and almost 200 other projects have been contacted that have to comply with the Open Access mandatory requirements.

The participants were introduced to the concepts of Open Science and according to their probed awareness in the field of Open Access an introduction to what Open Access and Open Data was given. This preceded the presentation of the most prominent Open Access project in Europe: OpenAIRE.eu. One point of interest was explaining how data and articles could be contributed and what are the advantages of doing so. This lead to a lively debate concerning the way Romanian research efforts are being evaluated and what can be done to improve the existing framework. There were opinions in favor of creating a new national framework for evaluation including a possible value assessment formula applicable to the Romanian national research framework. Another interesting point was debating how the new Unique Registry for Researchers should look like in comparison with other identification tokens that are used, and most of all what would be the advantages in having such an identification schema.

An analysis of the Romanian research journals was done having the figures of the curated set of data extracted from DOAJ. The 335 research journals revealed the fact that legal aspects concerning copyright need a general improvement, and many of the journals not offering a standard license even if a specific mention was set as a boilerplate in many of their electronic pages. Related to publishing the one researcher raised the issue of letting off rights at the moment when the contract is signed. A vivid debate was focused on the open licensing models and the need to publish in Open Access journals. Some aspects were cleared out with regards to licensing by representatives of the Romanian Coalition for Open Data.

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The FP7 post-grant Open Access Pilot received a lot of interest and the researchers were pointed out to the Romanian guide and to the online site within the OpenAIRE.
http://www.acces-deschis.ro/documente/ghiduri/73-pilot-finantare-publicare-post-grant-fp7

One aspect strike through and it came as a further opportunity for investigation it is the requirement for a particular research team in the field of medical science to come up at the end of the project with a patentable solution. This revealed a double pressure: on one hand the research system in sensitive fields require that the research outputs to become commercial viable solutions, but on the other hand there is an increasing move towards opening the same results. Of course the Guide to IP in Horizon 2020 was pointed out to the audience an a further insight:
https://www.iprhelpdesk.eu/kb/1514-horizon-2020-are-there-guidelines-recommend-how-ipr-should-be-handled-within-consortium

The best outcome of the National Workshop was adding more awareness with an opening towards creating a national framework able to develop a policy dedicated solely to Open Sciences matters. It was agreed that much debate is needed and a true opening of the policy levels. In fact, the question was raised to the absolute need to establish a level of debate where all stakeholders meet to express their opinion. The national Open Access portal was pointed out as a powerful platform for dissemination and action initiation and also OGP - Open Government Partnership was pointed out as another pole for action gathering. Representative of the Chancellery of the Prime Minister brought to the participants attention the fact that Open Access is a pledge of the Romanian State in the National Action Plan: http://www.opengovpartnership.org/country/romania/action-plan.

A general reminder was given concerning the Recommendation from 2012 to all Member States to develop their own national policies (the most recent example of Slovenia received a focus).

Follow-up actions included a radio debate on the national broacast Radio Romania Culture station Science Coffeeshop. In this broacast OpenAIRE project was presented and what Open Sciences mean to the Romanian researchers. Two of the researchers that attended the workshop were given the opportunity to voice their opinions.

The future actions aim to bring all the high-profile stakeholders to the same table with a clear focus on enabling policies for open science and most of all a positive and durable influence on research evaluation criteria. All the efforts will go into transforming an "encouragement" to publish as Open Access to a requirement when it comes to research payed from the citizen's taxes.